Why We Celebrate Karwa Chauth Happy Karwa Chauth : Indian festivals are meant for bonding relationships. Lets explore Indian Valentine’s day for married couples. Karwa Chauth is the festival for maintaining the love and affection between Husband and Wife.
Karwa Chauth = Karwa (Earthen pot, a symbol of peace and prosperity) + Chauth (Fourth) = The festival of Karwa, which falls on the fourth day after the full moon of Kartik month (Oct – Nov). Karwa Chauth appears around 9 days after Dussehra and 11 days before Diwali.
Karwa Chauth is a unique one day fasting festival of India. This day Indian married women observe a strict fast before sunrise and end in the evening sighting moon after performing all rituals. They don’t even consume a single drop of water in this duration. Karwa Chauth fast is observed for the long life of the husband.
Karwa Chauth Date 2014
This year, Karwa Chauth is falling on 11 Oct, 2014.
Significance Of Karwa Chauth
Karwa Chauth Festival is meant for maintaining strong bond between Husband and Wife. Wife shows her love and care for her husband by observing nirjalahaar vrat (No Food and No water). Husband gifts her new clothes, jewelry etc.
As per rituals, mother-in-laws gift sargi to their daughter-in-laws (food before observing fast). Married ladies also give Baayna / Baaya (gifts) to their in-laws. Hence, Karwa Chauth festival strengthens the relationship between a married lady and her in-laws.
How Karwa Chauth Is Celebrated
Women start preparations for Karwa Chauth a few days in advance. They buy new traditional clothes preferably saree or Lehenga-Choli, jewelry, cosmetics, traditional ornaments like bangles, payal, jhumkas, mangal sutra etc, traditional make-up utilities like bindi, sindoor, apply mehandi (henna) on their hands/ feet.
Shops are decorated for Karwa Chauth, show casing Karwa Chauth utility items.
For Karwa Puja, women do traditional solah (16) sringaar (16 steps of make-up) and get ready like a newly wed bride. Married ladies of all ages can be seen, all dressed-up, in the evening of Karwa Chauth.
After performing Puja, married ladies of family and neighborhood gather, watch moon, end their fasts. Husbands make their wives feed. Delicious dishes are cooked in the evening.
Benefits Of Karwa Chauth
Its the chain of fasts in Ashwin, Kartik months. Starts with Navratri, Karwa Chauth, Ahoi Ashtami, Dhan Teras, ends on Diwali. As per mythology, fasting on these days have different benefits.
Nine days Navratri fast is observed for good health.
Karwa Chauth fast is observed for Longevity.
Ahoi Ashtami fast is observed for Fertility.
Dhan Teras fast is observed for Prosperity.
Diwali fast is observed for inner happiness.
For good health, its a sequential process for removing toxic substances from food.
Moon in mythology is a symbol of calmness and peace. It indicates positive thinking with cool mind. Married ladies end their fasts by seeing moon. In Ashwin-Kartik month, cooling properties of moon maintain predominant metabolism. It helps transforming energy and governs heat and metabolism in the body, is concerned with the digestive, enzymatic, and endocrine systems, and is eliminated from the body through sweat.
As mentioned in Mahabharata, Fasting on Karwa Chauth removes marital problems and brings a balance in pitta. Formed by a combination of fire and water, pitta is involved in metabolic activities of digestion and biochemical reactions. It maintains homeostasis.
History Of Karwa Chauth
As per mythology, The narrative of Karwa Chauth first took place between Lord Shiva and Parvati. Mahabharata also has it that Draupadi asked Lord Krishna about the vrat (fast) of Karwa Chauth.